Project details for SHOGUN

Screenshot SHOGUN 0.9.0

by sonne - October 23, 2009, 14:23:21 CET [ Project Homepage BibTeX BibTeX for corresponding Paper Download ]

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The SHOGUN machine learning toolbox's focus is on large scale kernel methods and especially on Support Vector Machines (SVM). It comes with a generic interface for SVMs, features several SVM and kernel implementations, includes LinAdd optimizations and also Multiple Kernel Learning algorithms. SHOGUN also implements a number of linear methods. It allows the input feature-objects to be dense, sparse or strings and of type int/short/double/char.

The toolbox not only provides efficient implementations of the most common kernels, like the

  • Linear,
  • Polynomial,
  • Gaussian and
  • Sigmoid Kernel

but also comes with a number of recent string kernels as e.g. the

  • Locality Improved,
  • Fischer,
  • TOP,
  • Spectrum,
  • Weighted Degree Kernel (with shifts).

For the latter the efficient LINADD optimizations are implemented. Also SHOGUN offers the freedom of working with custom pre-computed kernels. One of its key features is the combined kernel which can be constructed by a weighted linear combination of a number of sub-kernels, each of which not necessarily working on the same domain. An optimal sub-kernel weighting can be learned using Multiple Kernel Learning. Currently SVM 2-class classification and regression problems can be dealt with. However SHOGUN also implements a number of linear methods like

  • Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA)
  • Linear Programming Machine (LPM),
  • (Kernel) Perceptrons and features algorithms to train hidden markov models.

The input feature-objects can be

  • dense
  • sparse or
  • strings and of type int/short/double/char

and can be converted into different feature types. Chains of preprocessors (e.g. substracting the mean) can be attached to each feature object allowing for on-the-fly pre-processing.

SHOGUN is implemented in C++ and interfaces to Matlab(tm), R, Octave and Python.

Changes to previous version:

This release contains several cleanups and enhancements:


  • Implement set_linear_classifier for static interfaces.
  • Implement Polynomial DotFeatures.
  • Implement domain adaptation SVM.
  • Speed up ScatterSVM.
  • Initial implementation for saving and Loading of shogun objects.
  • Examples have been polished/split up into separate files.
  • Documentation and webpage improvements.


  • Fix one class MKL for static interfaces.
  • Fix performance measures integer overflow.
  • Configure fixes to run under OSX's snow leopard.
  • Compiles and runs under solaris both using suncc and gcc.

Cleanup and API Changes

  • It is no longer necessary to call init_kernel TRAIN/TEST.
  • Removed kernel {load,save}_init.
  • Removed preproc {load,save}_init.
  • Move the mkl code from classifier/svm to classifier/mkl.
  • Removed obsolete mindy support.
  • Rename MCSVM to ScatterSVM
  • Move distributions to distributions/ directory.
  • CClassifier::classify() no longer has a label as argument.
  • Introduce CClassifier::train(CFeatures * ) and classify(CFeatures *) for more effective training/testing.
  • Remove unnecessary global symbols.
BibTeX Entry: Download
Corresponding Paper BibTeX Entry: Download
Supported Operating Systems: Cygwin, Linux, Macosx
Data Formats: Plain Ascii, Svmlight, Fasta, Fastq
Tags: Bioinformatics, Large Scale, String Kernel, Kernel, Kernelmachine, Lda, Lpm, Matlab, Mkl, Octave, Python, R, Svm
Archive: download here


Soeren Sonnenburg (on September 12, 2008, 16:14:36)
In case you find bugs, feel free to report them at [](
Tom Fawcett (on January 3, 2011, 03:20:48)
You say, "Some of them come with no less than 10 million training examples, others with 7 billion test examples." I'm not sure what this means. I have problems with mixed symbolic/numeric attributes and the training example sets don't fit in memory. Does SHOGUN require that training examples fit in memory?
Soeren Sonnenburg (on January 14, 2011, 18:12:01)
Shogun does not necessarily require examples to be in memory (if you use any of the FileFeatures). However, most algorithms within shogun are batch type - so using the non in-memory FileFeatures would probably be very slow. This does not matter for doing predictions of course, even though the 7 billion test examples above referred to predicting gene starts on the whole human genome (in memory ~3.5GB and a context window of 1200nt was shifted around in that string). In addition one can compute features (or feature space) on-the-fly potentially saving lots of memory. Not sure how big your problem is but I guess this is better discussed on the shogun mailinglist.
Yuri Hoffmann (on September 14, 2013, 17:12:16)
cannot use the java interface in cygwin (already reported on github) nor in debian.

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